Public Police

Decision making in Public Policy differentiates from market-driven one, as it fosters a nesting awareness in the sense of wholes inside wholes. In addition to business counterparties, other actors come into play with different, complementary or conflicting perspectives.
Several paradoxes of complex systems become more evident on the planning and management of public policy. Centralization/hierarchy vs. distribution/self-regulation is one of them. Preservation vs. evolution-driven regulation is another. Processes preservation benefits from hierarchical structures while innovation in evolution is promoted through distributed regulation. Still another paradox requires careful handling in public problems: differentiation x integration, closely connected to the paradox of identity x multiplicity. Actors need to keep and display an identity characterized by particular personality traits, however opening dialogues with multiple diverse and potentially conflicting inner states that are projected onto other actors.


From democratic planning to the commitment with the results and with the monitoring of target achievement, public policy implies dealing with complexity and systems thinking. It comprehends several areas from health, safety, education, environment to industrial and general services.

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